Nvidia Partnerships Adds Strength For Their Autonomous Vehicle Development

The competition for autonomous vehicles just heated up with news from Nvidia at the recently concluded International Consumer Electronics Show (CES 2018), that they were partnering with Continental AG in the development of self-driving vehicles.

Nvidia is well-known globally as a graphics chipmaker that controls about 72% of the market for discrete GPUs for desktops. Continental is most well known for being a German tire manufacturer. However, their complete product line includes sensors, brakes, car electronics, car safety, powertrain, chassis components, instrumentation, and other parts for the automotive and truck manufacturing industry.

The Nvidia announcement was considered a challenge to the industry as they stated that they were ahead of the competition by more than two years.

Consortiums and Partnerships

Continental is already in an alliance to bring autonomous driving to the market. The consortium they are working with also includes Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, Intel and Intel’s Mobileye vision systems subsidiary, Aptiv. Continental handles component and software integration while Aptiv is an automotive parts company with its own plans for self-driving vehicles. At the same time, Continental has a separate development program in partnership with Chinese company Baidu.

Besides Continental, Nvidia has also partnered with Uber Technologies and Volkswagen. Tesla’s self-driving components use Nvidia processors. At CES, Nvidia also announced new partnerships with Uber Technologies and Volkswagen. They stated that they have spent more than 8,000 man hours in engineering work, at a cost of $2 billion for their development.

Called the Drive Xavier, it uses a new processor with embedded hardware, high-performance graphics, eight processor cores, separate processors for image and videos and networking, along with a deep learning accelerator and a programmable vision accelerator. The aim of the processor is to be a machine learning platform able to drive a car and learn along the way.

Other companies are in the race for the autonomous vehicle of the future. Google started their self-driving car program in 2009. In recent years, Intel has been buying technology providers and development companies to speed up their own development efforts and still has to show any significant development. AMD is also developing their own self-driving vehicle initiative based on their strength as a CPU and GPU manufacturer. Cellphone processor manufacturers Qualcomm and Arm Holdings have their own self-driving vehicle programs, but since they are using processors based on those used in mobile devices, they are at a disadvantage against Nvidia.

GPUs and CPUs

Nvidia has an inherent advantage due to their being a graphical processor company. A CPU, like those manufactured by Intel (Xeon, i5 and i7) and AMD (Raizen and Opteron), have a few cores, with plenty of cache memory. This enables the processor to handle multiple software threads at the same time. In contrast a GPU contains hundreds of cores which can handle thousands of software threads at the same time. This GPU ability can accelerate software more than a hundred-fold compared to a CPU, and does this with less power consumption and better cost-efficiency. The capability of GPUs to work on thousands of threads at the same time is also the reason for its use in bitcoin mining, as well as the main processor for some supercomputers.

Although the majority of desktop PCs have integrated chips, Nvidia has been able to increase its sales of GPU boards. For quarter on quarter growth, Nvidia registered a 29.5% increase in shipments between the second and third quarter of 2017. In contrast, AMD’s GPU sales registered a much lower 7.6%. Further comparing this with Intel’s integrated chip shipment growth of only 5%, and PC shipments increasing by 10.3% over the same period, it is obvious that Nvidia is capitalizing on the surge in sales of gaming computer and high-end graphics requirements.

The distinction is important when considering the computing power of an autonomous vehicle. The self-driving car reads the road via sensors, including images and video. These are processed for clues all at the same time. A single image or video frame may contain multiple signs and clues. These include road signs, traffic lights, roads, headlights, car signal lights, and other data.

When vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure or vehicle-to-everything (V2X) comes along, there would be even more data streaming to the processor for analysis. All of these signals and data are processed at the same time, and the GPU is better suited to this task compared to a CPU. In this instance, Intel, Qualcomm and Arm Holdings are at a disadvantage.

Strengths Moving Forward

As a supplier of internal car computing components and sensors, Continental is a good fit for partnership with Nvidia. Uber is in a position to test for driverless cars, as this is in their roadmap. Volkswagen, as one of the biggest car companies in the world, would want to have help with their self-driving programs.

Audi is a Volkswagen company which introduced a self-driving car in 2017. The Audi A8 was equipped with a Level 3 autonomy. Level 3 driving autonomy allows for a car to drive on its own at slow speeds. The Audi A8 can take charge of driving in slow moving traffic of up to 60 kph or 38 mph.

Along with Audi, another German car manufacturer is also leading the charge for autonomous vehicles. The Mercedes Benz F 015 is a self-driving car which is also capable of Level 3 autonomy. It was released in 2017 and was roundly accepted at the 2018 CES.

Tesla has also been very visible with their self-driving car. Tesla uses Nvidia processors for its self-driving modules.

The Race for Self-Driving Cars

The race for self-driving cars is not limited to Level 3 autonomy, but ultimately, to Level 5. Current generation of self-driving cars are capable of Level 3, which is called “Conditional Automation”. An example of this is the Audi Traffic Jam Pilot. Under the right conditions, the car can manage the driving, but prompts the driver to take the wheel under specific circumstances. The driver is required to be alert and available to handle the wheel at any time. Level 4 is “High Automation” where the car can run on certain road conditions or geographic areas. The driver becomes a passenger when running on the highway. Level 5 is “Full Automation” where the only human intervention is entering the destination.

Multiple companies are developing their own self-driving car solutions. These range from processor manufacturers, car makers, large software companies, car component manufacturers and others. The goal is to be among the first, if not the first, to offer full autonomous driving capability. These companies are investing a lot of money on their own, and in partnership with strategic partners. Nvidia with their strength in GPU, is doing more work with car manufacturer Volkswagen, ride sharing company Uber, and car component manufacturer and integrator Continental. Nvidia is not content as the largest GPU manufacturer in the world, their attempt to capture the market in autonomous vehicles would also increase the demand for their GPUs.

Nvidia is the largest manufacturer of discrete GPU boards and chips. The growth of crypto mining has a positive impact on the sales of their GPU chips. Although supercomputers are a small segment of their revenue stream, this is another segment where Nvidia is the frontrunner. With Nvidia’s claims that they are two years ahead of everyone else in autonomous driving technology, they are opening up this segment of technology and claiming it as their own. The stakes that Nvidia is fighting for is to have a processor chip in every self-driving car sold in the near future.

Orginally Published at: https://www.boldbusiness.com/transportation/nvidia-partners-on-self-driving-car-development/


Airbus Developing Platform For Autonomous And Single-Pilot Flight

With the rise of autonomous and pilotless flights, it would be only a matter of time before commercial airlines would also be using autonomous systems. Even today, most commercial flights practically fly themselves as the autopilot is on for almost the entirety of the flight.

The Need for Single-Pilot Commercial Planes

Aircraft manufacturers are gearing up for the coming of autonomous, pilotless planes. Airbus Chief Technology Officer Paul Eremenko said that Airbus is looking towards autonomous aircraft and tech to allow a single pilot to man commercial airplanes, resulting to lower operational costs for carriers. Airbus had the very first aircraft that only had two persons in the cockpit. Prior to the first Airbus, a pilot, a co-pilot and a flight engineer were all on board. The advanced avionics and fly-by-wire capabilities of the first Airbus planes did away with the engineer.

A Boeing study showed that the aviation industry will need 637,000 pilots in the next 20 years. That is a tall order as there are presently only 200,000 trained pilots. This shortage would hamper the growth of airlines and aircraft sales as well as an increase in travel costs.

According to Eremenko, the single-pilot scenario is a future option, with the same technologies leading to an autonomous pilotless operation. The trend is similar to the car market where the development of safer and faster rides have led to autonomous platforms. In the case of planes, the tools already exist, as planes already have autopilot and can practically land themselves automatically if the need arises.

Currently, the pilots fly airliners with the automation turned on. Before the plane gets to the air, the pilot has to conduct aircraft systems’ check. These include the initial systems’ test, and personally inspect and check the engines, tail planes, control surfaces, the aircraft structure for any possible defects, ice formations and others. While these are ongoing, the attendants are cleaning the cabin and preparing for the passengers’ boarding. Other procedures are also being done at the same time, including fuelling, de-icing, loading the passengers’ luggage, delivering the catering, etc.

The plane inspections are done as a pre-flight procedure the world over on all types of planes. It is the pilot’s responsibility to make sure that the plane is flight-worthy. One procedure to note is the revving up of the engines to a pre-determined revolutions per minute (RPM), making sure that all the systems are operating properly at that level.

The pilot duties continue while the passengers are boarding. The flight crew finalize the flight plan, double checks the weather conditions during the flight, and specifies taxiing on the runway.

In the US, FAA regulations state that at least two flight crew members must remain in the cockpit at all times. Even though the autopilot is engaged, both the pilot and co-pilot must remain at the controls to watch the computer screens ensuring that everything is running properly.

According to an article on the Telegraph, the autopilot typically does 90% of the flying. When rough flying conditions are encountered, especially in extreme turbulence, the flight crew is alerted before the autopilot disengages itself. Additionally, as per FAA regulations, takeoffs are always done manually. On the other hand, there are two conditions where the autopilot is engaged to land: due to very poor visibility; and during regular tests to the autopilot landing system to see if it is working properly. From pilot experience, about 99% of landings are done manually by the pilot.

Autonomous Commercial Flight

Major aircraft manufacturers including Airbus, Boeing and Sikorsky are in a race to develop artificial intelligence to allow planes to fly with only one pilot, or with no pilot at all. The effort to do so would be almost the same. However, the certifications for autonomous flight would be more rigid than any in existence. People are apprehensive about flying commercially without a pilot. It is easier to accept a driverless car or bus, but it is a different case with flying vehicles like air taxis. One other concern is that there is no transport category aircraft certified for a single pilot or autonomous flight. Without a certification, it is not clear whether insurers, carriers and passengers would allow it, or for regulators to permit it. A certification requires a criterion of technical airworthiness and a minimum set of standards to pass.

On another front, Airbus is also aiming for the autonomous air taxi business and has created its own Urban Air Mobility division to explore new technology for on-demand pilotless helicopter rides and delivery drones. Airbus is already on the way to adapting to industry trends with hopes of leading the way in autonomous commercial flight.

Originally Published at: https://www.boldbusiness.com/transportation/airbus-developing-autonomous-flight/

GlassPoint And Aera Energy To Break Ground On New Solar Project

GlassPoint Solar is an Oman-based company and they are set to partner with Aera Energy, a gas and oil producer, to put up the biggest solar energy project in the US. This integrated solar project will become the first type to use solar energy to power oilfield operations. They are hoping to make efficient use of the power, and reduce the overall carbon emission that the operation produces.

The site will be located in California at Belridge oilfield. According to the official company statement, the plant is expected to deliver the biggest peak output of energy from any solar plant in the state. Ben Bierman is the COO and acting CEO of GlassPoint and has stated that their partnership with Aera Energy reflects their commitment in innovation as they are aware of the ever-growing need of oil consuming customers all over the world. Their solar steam tech was created in California and was perfected in the Oman desert oilfields. They are using their five- year experience in Oman to drive this new California expansion. They will be putting everything they learned and achieved into this new endeavor.

A Source for Renewable Energy

Solar energy is one of the most used renewable sources of energy and is very beneficial in helping the environment as it doesn’t cause any air or water pollution. It also doesn’t create greenhouse gases.

There are several solar power pros and cons but the advantages mostly outweigh the negatives. One of the biggest drawbacks of solar energy is that it isn’t as efficient since it can’t collect power during the night. However, as solar energy is free and has lower operating costs, this can easily be sustained.

The Belridge Solar project will have an 850 megawatt solar thermal facility producing steam at an annual rate of 12 million barrels. It will also have a 26.5 MWe photovoltaic facility to generate electricity. The steam from solar energy is expected to reduce the natural gas presently in use in oilfield operations. With this facility, they project to save around 376,000 metric tons of annual CO2 emissions, equivalent to the output of 80,000 cars.

Low Cost Renewable Energy by 2020

According to GlassPoint, their solar tech will supply low-cost renewable energy for oil extraction operations. To extract the oil, steam is injected into the oil reservoir heating the oil before pumping to the surface. Both companies are expecting to break ground on the new power plant sometime in the first half of 2019. They aim to have the plant up and running by 2020 when it begins producing steam and energy.

Right now, GlassPoint is working on Miraah which is a landmark project that they are doing together with the Petroleum Development Oman or PDO. Once this is done, this project will be able to create more than a gigawatt of peak thermal power. This makes it one of the biggest solar power plants anywhere in the world. The company established Oman as its regional HQ back in 2012. The biggest shareholder of the company is the Royal Dutch Shell and State General Reserve Fund (SGRF), which is the biggest sovereign wealth fund in Oman.

Originally Published at: https://www.boldbusiness.com/energy/solar-power-steam-used-in-oilfield/

T-Mobile Commits To 100% Renewable Energy By 2021

There is hope in the quest for renewable energy as more and more tech giants are joining the cause. T-Mobile recently joined The Climate Group and the RE100 campaign. The mobile giant’s commitment is to go 100% renewable by the year 2021.

Tech Giants Leading the Charge

The American Telco has announced their new contract to source 160 megawatts from wind power generation beginning early 2019. They will be acquiring the energy from Infinity Renewables’ Solomon Forks Wind Project in Kansas, US. Last December they signed a similar renewable energy contract with Red Forks Wind Power Project in Oklahoma. These two sources combined will generate 320 MW, equivalent to 60% of T-Mobile’s power needs.

This move isn’t just about saving the environment, according to T-Mobile CEO, John Legere. It’s also a very good business move since the company is projecting to save around $100 million in power consumption in the next 15 years. The savings can then trickle down to their customers in the form of lower fees, additional freebies, or overall better service because of new innovations which could be implemented.

It is fortunate that the leading tech giants are the ones spearheading the way to 100% renewable energy. In fact, back in 2016, Google, Apple, and Facebook started on a race to meet their 100% renewable energy goals. Google has bought a lot of renewable energy and is planning to buy even more wind and solar power to meet the demands of all of its 13 data centers worldwide. Apple announced that they have already reached 93% back in 2015.

Renewable Energy to Save the Environment

Some might say that committing for renewable energy is a publicity stunt for the company, and it is true that an announcement like that will likely put the company in the radar for the coming weeks and months.

It is actually a good thing that tech companies are now racing to use all renewable energy as technology is actually one of the culprits in carbon emissions. They may not be the leading sources, but technological advances that we take for granted today still leave carbon footprint that affects the environment negatively. Companies such as Apple and Google are actually trying their best to reduce the carbon footprint of their devices and services.

Another reason why going completely renewable is now viable is the price of renewable energy. In the past, wind and solar energy were too expensive to be sustainable. However, the price of renewable power has dropped significantly in the past 10 years. In fact, wind power is now one of the most cost-efficient power sources to use. Market analysts have even stated that they expect wind and solar energy to be the cheapest sources of power in the world by 2030.

Originally Published at: https://www.boldbusiness.com/energy/t-mobile-commits-to-renewable-energy/

Tiny Diamond Anvils Opens Exciting Tech Possibilities

Scientists are always on the quest to push learning further. A recent paper was published wherein researchers have found a way to use diamonds as tiny anvils to break molecules apart. Creating a very small anvil while pounding away at molecules might seem unique, or cute even, but it’s a bold idea that has plenty of real-life applications and implications.

Breaking Bonds with Physical Pressure

The research was conducted by a team of scientists from the Stanford University and the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, formerly known as the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. According to their published study in Nature, this is the very first chemical reaction that was triggered by using just mechanical pressure.

Through this, they are hoping to create a method of doing molecular chemistry that is more precise, efficient, consumes a lot less energy, and is greener for the environment.

The SLAC researchers used diamonds to generate large amounts of physical pressure to break the atomic bonds between molecules. They used this in conjunction with another durable compound known as carborane. This compound is a very small sphere-shaped compound comprised of carbons and other elements and has the ability to resist the extreme pressure that is generated by the diamond anvil. They then attach these carboranes to the softer molecule they wish to break, in this case, a molecule made of copper and sulfur. The carboranes then act as a sort of molecular pressure points where the force is applied to force the atomic bonds to break.

A Different Take on Chemical Reactions

Using physical force such as this isn’t the easiest way to produce chemical reactions. However, a chemical reaction derived from pure pressure instead of just using heat generates less energy and is cleaner for the environment.

It is also a more precise way of producing reactions as it is possible to manipulate specific atoms in the molecule and force only a specific bond to break. This allows scientists to look for new chemical processes and apply it to various technologies.

According to one of the study’s lead authors Hao Yan, physical science research associate at Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences (SIMES), the pressure from the molecular anvils has the potential to break chemical bonds and produce entirely different results compared to other means such as pulling the bonds apart or by using light, heat, or electricity to force the chemical bonds to break.

Currently, the tech is still in its infancy and there is still a lot of work to do but as long as the process exists, scientists will be able to find useful ways to apply the tech. In fact, researchers can use it to make new kinds of semiconductors or even convert carbon dioxide to something useful and less harmful.

This new greener and more energy-efficient method of breaking chemical bonds is a welcome addition to the field of research as there is now an increasing demand for managing the environmental impact of scientific research. A research published in 2011 notes that the environmental impact of research should be taken into account in its design and execution. Not only does this make sense financially but it also increases the sustainability of the content and the process.

Originally Published at: https://www.boldbusiness.com/energy/tiny-diamond-anvils/

Astranis Space Technologies Aims To Provide Internet Access For Billions

The internet is so pervasive that people tend to think that it is available in all places all over the world. The truth is that there are more than four billion people who have no access to the internet. In the US, a lot of rural areas still do not have internet connection and a startup in San Francisco wants to remedy that.

Astranis Space Technologies wants to send small, low-cost satellites capable of beaming down internet signal to high-flying orbits.

A Small Funding

Astranis recently had a Series A investment round where they were able to raise $13.5 million in funding. Lead investor was Andreessen Horowitz. Other investors include Y Combinator, Refactor Capital, Fifty Years and Indicator Fund. The latest infusion raised their total funding up to $18 million.

This is a relatively small amount compared to other companies like SpaceX and OneWeb which all have the same goal of sending satellites to orbit to provide broadband internet access for four billion people spread out across the world.

It is not surprising that John Gedmark, Astranis CEO and co-founder, is a fan of these other larger companies. In an interview on GeekWire, Gedmark admits that “this is such a massive problem that we need a whole array of approaches.”

The Astranis approach is decidedly different, and can be said to be proportionate to their financial funding. A normal-sized communications satellite would have dimensions of 26 ft x 12 ft x 11 ft and weigh 6500kg. In contrast, the Astranis MicroGEO weighs only 300kg, and is 3ft on all sides. A rocket launch can easily carry three of these satellites in every launch. However, Astranis has no plans of sending multiple satellites on each rocket. The Astranis satellites will be placed at a 22,000 miles high in geosynchronous orbits. This strategy will need less satellites than is planned by other companies like OneWeb and SpaceX that want to send thousands of satellites at lower orbits.

Prototype and Production

Astranis has already proven what they are capable of doing. They were able to successfully do a transmission test on February 15, 2018, when they sent two HD video files up to their prototype satellite. It was processed digitally in real-time via a proprietary software radio technology before being sent down again to the earth station located in Alaska.

With the assistance of Seattle-based Spaceflight, the company used an Indian Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket to send the satellite into orbit. They also had help from Redmond, Washington-based RBC Signals for the ground station services. On-satellite real-time video processing is a normal process done on the satellite prior to being forwarded to the earth station receiver.

According to Gedmark, the files transmitted were a video clip of the PSLV launch while the other one was of tennis player Roger Federer winning the recently concluded Australian Open.

Spaceflight will also be assisting Astranis when it starts launching its satellites in 2019. The 300 kg payload can be a secondary payload during the launch of any type of rocket, including Falcon 9 from SpaceX, the Atlas 5 from United Launch Alliance, and European Ariane 5. Astranis has a 13,00 square foot plant in the San Francisco area where they can manufacture its satellites en masse. The company has at least 20 employees and growing.

Astranis is one of the bold ideas that would transform the lives of billions of people in the world. If plans don’t miscarry, they’ll be paving the way for a truly connected planet.

Originally Published at: https://www.boldbusiness.com/digital/astranis-space-technologies-aims-provide-internet-access-billions/

Boeing’s Horizon X Snatching Up Startups

Boeing, one of the largest aircraft manufacturers in the world, launched Horizon X in April 2017. The new venture investment division was created to invest in aviation related technologies. In a separate development, Boeing also recently bought Aurora Flight Sciences, an aviation company with a track record of developing more than 30 aircraft, both autonomous and drones, since its founding in 1989.

Fast Acquisition

Boeing acquired Aurora Flight Sciences, a Virginia-based company which is working on a vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft for the U.S. Air Force. Aurora has developed more than 30 aircraft, both autonomous and drones, since its founding in 1989. In addition, Aurora is also an Uber partner in the development of an air taxi.

The bold move was first announced in October and was finalized in November 2017. This gives Boeing the advantage of getting into the thick of the competition for VTOL aircraft. Airbus had earlier announced that they would start testing their electric flying cars this year. This is in line with the deployment of autonomously-piloted aerial taxis.

The acquisition is fast because Aurora is a privately-held company. In addition, Aurora and Boeing have worked on military and commercial autonomous aircraft projects before. The leadership of both companies have also been on good terms even before the planned acquisition. Besides working together on several projects, the two companies are also included in the USAF 8-year $499 million ASAPTR contract to research novel tech for future aircraft.

Aurora will operate as an independent subsidiary under the engineering, test and technology division, headed by Boeing Chief Technology Officer Greg Hyslop. It will continue to focus on technology development for autonomous flight, machine learning, electric propulsion and flight control systems. It was recently awarded an FAA Special Airworthiness Certificate for a Bell UH-1H autonomous helicopter developed under the U.S. Navy. Last April, it completed a subscale vehicle demonstrator flight test program of the XV-24A LightningStrike for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. The full test program begins late 2018. The XV-24A is a VTOL-capable aircraft with tilt-wing capability and has no exposed rotors.

Fighting for Space in Autonomous Flight and Air Taxis

Autonomous flight is inherently different from fixed-and rotary-wing aircraft. However, according to Carry Haase, the program manager for Aurora, the company uses the same basic autonomous control system for all types of platforms. The difference is in the solution space. Helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft have different vehicle dynamics resulting in tighter or wider maneuvers. However, in solving problems for autonomous flight the platform senses the environment. Also, with the use of machine learning, it plans its own route and implement the flight commands accordingly.

Prior to Aurora, Boeing was the only major aircraft manufacturer without an autonomous aircraft project for possible consumer use. The acquisition of Aurora has changed the playing field in favor of the company. Granted that Airbus is set to start testing autonomous aircraft in 2018, Aurora already has the tools and knowhow to make their own autonomous taxis.

Vice President and general manager of Boeing for the autonomous systems business unit, Chris Raymond said that Aurora brings with it a large research and technology portfolio, good manufacturing practices and prototyping capabilities. He also noted that Aurora is under the engineering and technology group so it reports to Boeing’s executive council, maintaining its own commercial and defense programs.

The acquisition of Aurora is a big advantage for Boeing. It’s an engagement with a company that has long experience in VTOL aircraft development, autonomous flight capabilities, and electric aircraft development. It also puts Boeing in the running for the autonomous air taxi market which is still in its germinal stage.

Investments in Non-Traditional Partnerships

Horizon X started investing in April, with Zunum Aero, an alternative propulsion aircraft startup. It is currently developing “hybrid-to-electrics” short-haul aircraft with low aviation emissions.

In June, the investment company joined in the initial funding round of SparkCognition. The $32 million initial funding round was led by Verizon Ventures. The IT security and industrial operations startup has developed a platform for security, finance, telecommunications, energy, oil and gas, manufacturing, aerospace and defence. The platform is used as a tool for cognitive and data-driven analytics.

Horizon X continued its investment streak in October when it also invested in Near Earth Autonomy, a startup which specializes in autonomous flight. The startup started as a spin-off from Carnegie Mellon University’s Robotics Institute.

As part of Boeing’s recent aggressive stance it has also been involved in talks with Brazil’s Embraer. According to sources,the talks will only include commercial aviation. The military aviation part of Embraer are not part of the discussions.

Boeing has also shown its commitment to help build up a new division, Boeing Global Services, to grow to a $50 billion company. Along those lines, it has gone into a joint venture with Adient PLC, a supplier of automobile seats, to develop high-class, lie-flat seats for airliners.

The airplane manufacturer has also gone after airplane parts supplier Woodward, Inc. for a possible joint venture. Woodward currently also has a jet-engine parts partnership with General Electric. If this pushes through, it will most probably be a joint partnership but it will not include any development which would infringe on the research and development efforts with GE.

Boeing’s joint ventures and investments is seen as a consolidation of its position as one of the largest aerospace companies in the world.

Originally Published at: https://www.boldbusiness.com/transportation/boeing-buys-into-vtol-race/